1. Nagana Gowda, G.A., Raftery, D., Recent Advances in NMR-Based Metabolomics, Anal. Chem. 89: 490-510, 2017.PMCID: PMC6263946.

2. Lampe, J.W., Huang, Y., Neuhouser, M.L., Tinker, L.F., Song, X., Schoeller, D.A., Kim, S., Raftery, D., Di, C.Z., Zheng, C., Schwarz, Y., Van Horn, L., Thomson, C.A., Mossavar-Rahmani, Y., Beresford, S.A.A., Prentice, R.: Dietary Biomarker Evaluation in a Controlled Feeding Study in Women from the Women’s Health Initiative Cohort, Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 105:466-75, 2017 PMID:  28031191.

3. Buas, M.F., Gu, H., Djukovic, D., Zhu, J., Onstad, L., Reid, B.J., Raftery, D., Vaughan., T.L.: Identification of Novel Candidate Serum Metabolite Biomarkers for Distinguishing between Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease, Barrett’s Esophagus, and High-Grade Dysplasia/Esophageal Adenocarcinoma. Metabolomics, 13:27, 2017. PMCID: PMC5295138.

4. Rabinowitz, J.S., Robitaille, A.M., Wang, Y., Ray, C.A., Thummel, R., Gu, H., Djukovic, D., Raftery, D., Berndt, J.D., Moon, R.T., Genomic and metabolomic landscape of positional memory in the zebrafish caudal fin, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 114:E717-26, 2017. PMCID: PMC5293114.

5. Parent, B.A., Seaton, M., Djukovic, D., Gu, H., Wheelock, B., Navarro, S.L., Raftery, D., O’Keefe, G.E.: Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition in Surgical Critical Care: Plasma Metabolomics Demonstrates Divergent Effects on Nitrogen, Fatty-acid, Ribonucleotide, and Oxidative Metabolism. J. Trauma Acute Care Surg. 82:704-13, 2017. PMCID: PMC5360523.

6. Li, T. Zhang, Z., Kolwicz, Jr. , S.C., Abell, L., Roe, N.D., Kim, M., Zhou, B., Cao, Y., Ritterhoff, J., Gu, H., Raftery, D., Sun, H., Tian, R., Defective Branched-Chain Amino Catabolism Disrupts Glucose Metabolism and Sensitizes the Heart to Ischemia-reperfusion Injury. Cell metabolism. 25:374-385, 2017. NIHMSID: NIHMS830005.

7. Nagana Gowda, G.A., Raftery, D.: Whole Blood Metabolomics by 1H NMR Spectroscopy Provides a New Opportunity to Evaluate Coenzymes and Antioxidants, Anal. Chem. 89:4620-27, 2017. PMCID: PMC6245939.

8. Chao, J.R., Knight, K., Engel, A.L., Jankowski, C., Wang, Y., Mansonb, M.A., Gu, H., Djukovic, D., Raftery, D., Hurley, J.B., Du, J., Human Retinal Pigment Epithelium Cells prefers proline as a nutrient and transports metabolic intermediates to the retinal side. J. Biol. Chem. 292:12895-905, 2017. PMCID: PMC5546030.

9. Miles, F.L., Navarro, S.L., Schwarz, Y., Gu, H., Djukovic, D., Randolph, T.W., Shojaie, A., Kratz, M., Hullar, M.A.J., Lampe, P.D., Neuhouser, M.L., Raftery, D., Lampe, J., Urinary Enterolactone Associated Changes in Plasma Metabolites, Food and Function 8(9):3209-3218, 2017. PMCID: PMC5607107.

10. Nagana Gowda, G.A., Raftery, D., Recent Advances in NMR-Based Metabolomics, Anal. Chem.  89(1):490-510. 2017.

11. Lampe, J.W., Huang, Y., Neuhouser, M.L., Tinker, L.F., Song, X., Schoeller, D.,Kim, S., Raftery, D., Di, C., Zheng, C., Schwarz, Y., Van Horn, L., Thomson, C., Mossavar-Rayasmin, Y., Beresford, S.A.A., Prentice, R.: Dietary Biomarker Evaluation in a Controlled Feeding Study in Women from the Women’s Health Initiative Cohort, Am J Clin Nutr. 105(2):466-475. 2017. PMCID: PMC5267309.

12. Buas, M.F., Gu, H., Djukovic, D., Zhu, J., Onstad, L., Reid, B.J., Raftery, D., Vaughan., T.L.: Identification of Novel Candidate Serum Metabolite Biomarkers for Distinguishing between Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease, Barrett’s Esophagus, and High-Grade Dysplasia/Esophageal Adenocarcinoma. Metabolomics, 13(3): 23. 2017. PMCID: PMC5295138.


1. Emwas, A.-H., Roy, R., McKay, R., Ryan, D., Brennan, L., Tenori, L., Luchinat, C., Gao, X., Zeri, A.C., Nagana Gowda, G.A., Raftery, D., Steinbeck, C., Salek, R., Wishart, D.: Recommendations and Standardization of Biomarker Quantification Using NMR-based Metabolomics with Particular Focus on Urinary Analysis, J. Proteome Res., 15:360-373, 2016. PMID: 26745651.

2. Du, J., Rountree, A., Cleghorn, W.M., Contreras, L., Lindsay, K.J., Sadilek, M., Gu, H., Djukovic, D., Raftery, D., Satrustegui, J., Kanow, M., Chan, L., Tsang, S.H., Sweet, I.R., Hurley, J.B.: Phototransduction Influences Metabolic Flux and Nucleotide Metabolism in Mouse Retina. J. Biol. Chem. 291:4698-4710, 2016. PMCID: PMC4813492.

3. Buas, M.F., Gu, H., Djukovic, D., Zhu, J., Urban, N., Raftery, D., Li, C.I.: Identification of Novel Candidate Plasma Metabolite Biomarkers for Distinguishing Serous Ovarian Carcinoma and Benign Serous Ovarian Tumors, Gynecologic Oncology, 140:138-44, 2016. PMID: 26521694.

4. Heitkemper, M.M., Han, C.J., Jarrett, M.E., Gu, H., Djukovic, D., Shulman, R.J., Raftery, D., Cain, K.C.: Night-time Serum Tryptophan Metabolite Levels during Sleep in Patients with and without Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). Biol. Res. Nursing. 18:193-198, 2016. PMID: 25156003.

5. Lim, S.O., Li, C.W., Xia, W., Lee, H.H., Chang, S.S., Shen, J., Hsu, J.L., Raftery, D., Djukovic, D., Gu, H., Chang, W.C., Wang, H.L., Chen, M.L., Huo, L., Chen, C.H., Wu, Y., Sahin, A., Hanash, S.M., Hortobagyi, G.N., Hung, M.C.: EGFR Signaling Enhances Aerobic Glycolysis in Triple Negative Breast Cancer Cells to Promote Tumor Growth and Immune Escape., Cancer Res. 76:1284-96, 2016. PCMID: PMC4775355.

6. Chiao, Y.A., Kolwicz, S.C., Basisty, N., Gagnidze, A., Zhang, J., Gu, H., Djukovic, D., Beyer, R.P., Raftery, D., MacCoss, M., Tian, R., Rabinovitch, P.S., Rapamycin Transiently Induces Mitochondrial Remodeling to Reprogram Energy Metabolism in Old Hearts, Aging, 8:314-27, 2016. PMCID: PMC4789585.

7. Nagana Gowda, G.A., Abell, L., Lee, C.F., Tian, R., Raftery, D.: Simultaneous Analysis of Major Coenzymes of Cellular Redox Reactions and Energy Using Ex Vivo 1H NMR Spectroscopy, Anal. Chem. 88:4817-24, 2016. PMCID: PMC4857157.

8. Parent, B.A., Sood, R.F., Seaton, M., Gu, H., Djukovic, D., Raftery, D., O’Keefe, G.E., Metabolomics: a Novel Method to Trend Recovery and Therapy after Injury in Critically-Ill Trauma Patients, JAMA Surg. 151:e160853, 2016. PMID: 27223119.

9. Zhou, X., Zheng, W., Nagana GowdaG.A., Raftery, D., Donkin, S.S., Bequette, B., Teegarden, D.: 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D Inhibits Glutamine Metabolism in Harvey-ras Transformed MCF10A Human Breast Epithelial Cells, J. Steroid Biochem Mol. Biol., 163:147-56, 2016. PMID: 2714413.

10. Navarro, S.L., Randolph, T.W., Shireman, L.M., Raftery, D., McCune, J.S.: Pharmacometabonomic Prediction of Busulfan Clearance in Hematopoietic Cell Transplant Recipients, J. Proteome Res. 15:2802-11, 2016. PMID: 27350098.

11. Deng, L., Gu, H., Zhu, J., Nagana Gowda, G.A., Djukovic, D., Chiorean, E.G., Raftery, D.: Combining NMR and LC-MS Using Backward Variable Elimination: Metabolomics Analysis of Colon Cancer, Polyps and Healthy Controls, Anal. Chem. 88:7975-83, 2016. PMID: 27437783.

12. Markley, J.L., Bruschweiler, R., Edison, A.S., Eghbalnia, H.R., Powers, R., Raftery, D., Wishart, D.S.: The Future of NMR-Based Metabolomics, Curr. Opin. Biotech. 43:34-40, 2016. PMID: 27580257.

13. Neto, F.C., Pilon, A.C., Selegato, D.M., Gu, H., Freire, R.T., Raftery, D., Lopes, N.P., Castro-Gamboa, I.: Dereplication of Natural Products using GC-TOF Mass Spectrometry: Improved Metabolite Identification by Spectral Deconvolution Ratio Analysis, Frontiers Mol. Biosci., 3, Art. 59. 2016. PMCID: PMC5044510.

14. Gu, H., Du, J., Carroll, P.A., Zhu, J., Carnevale Neto, F., Eisenman, R.N., Raftery, D.: Quantitative Methods to Investigate the Balance between Metabolism and Proteome Biomass: Starting from Glycine, Angewandte Chem, 55, 15646, 2016. PMCID: PMC6238948.


1. Carroll, P., Diolaiti, D., McFerrin, L., Gu, H., Djukovic, D., Du, D., Cheng, P.F., Anderson, S., Ulrich, M., Hurley, J.B., Raftery, D., Ayer, D.E., Eisenman, R.N.: Deregulated Myc Requires MondoA/Mlx for Metabolic Reprogramming and Tumorigenesis. Cancer Cell 27:271-285, 2015. PMCID: PMC4326605.

2. Sperber, H., Mathieu, J., Wang, Y., Ferreccio, A., Hesson, J., Xu, Z., Fischer, K.A., Devi, A., Detraux, D., Gu, H., Battle, S.L., Showalter, M., Valensis, C., Bielas, J.H., Ericson, N.G., Margaretha, L., Robitaille, A.M., Margineantu, D., Fiehn, O.,  Hockenbery, D., Blau, C.A., Raftery, D., Margolin, A., Hawkins, R.D., Moon, R.T., Ware, C.B., and  Ruohola-Baker, H.: The Metabolic Enzyme, Nicotinamide N-Methyltransferase Regulates the Epigenetic Landscape during Naïve to Primed Human Embryonic Stem Cell Transition, Nature Cell Biol. 17:1523-1535, 2015.

3. Gu, H., Zhang, P., Raftery, D.: Globally Optimized Targeted Mass Spectrometry (GOT-MS): Reliable Metabolomics Analysis with Broad Coverage, Anal. Chem., 87:12355-12362, 2015.

4. Reyes, N.L., Banks, G.B., Tsang, M., Margineantu, D., Gu, H., Chan, J., Torres, M., Liggitt, H.D., Hockenbery, D.M., Raftery, D., Iritani, B.: Fnip1 Regulates Skeletal Muscle Fiber Type Specification, Fatigue Resistance, and Susceptibility to Muscular Dystrophy. PNAS 112:424-429, 2015. PMCID: PMC4299192.

5. Nagana Gowda, G.A., Gowda, Y.N., Raftery, D.: Expanding the Limits of Human Blood Metabolite Quantitation using NMR Spectroscopy. Anal. Chem. 87:706-715, 2015. PMCID: PMC4287831

6. Emwas, A.-H., Luchinat, C., Turano, P., Tenori, L., Roy, R., Salek, R.M., Ryan, D., Merzaban, J.S., Kaddurah-Daouk, R., Zeri, A.C., Nagana Gowda, G.A., Raftery, D., Wang, Y., Brennan, L., Wishart, D.S.: Standardizing the Experimental Conditions for using Urine in NMR-Based Metabolomic Studies with a Particular Focus on Diagnostic Studies: a Review, Metabolomics 11:872-894, 2015.

7. Heitkemper, M.M., Han, C.J., Jarrett, M.E., Gu, H., Djukovic, D., Shulman, R.J., Raftery, D., Cain, K.C.: Night-time Serum Tryptophan Metabolite Levels during Sleep in Patients with and without Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). Biol. Res. Nursing. In press.

8. Chandrasekaran, S., Rittschof, C.C., Djukovic, D., Gu, H., Raftery, D., Price, N.D., Robinson, G.E.: Aggression is Associated with Aerobic Glycolysis in the Honey Bee Brain, Genes Brain Behav. 14:158-166, 2015. PMCID: PMC4449359

9. Gu, H., Du, J., Carnevale Neto, F., Turner, S., Chiorean, E.G., Raftery, D.: Metabolomics Method to Comprehensively Analyze Amino Acids in Different Domains, The Analyst 140:2726-2734, 2015. PMCID: PMC4380628

10. Srinivasan, S., Morgan, M.T., Fiedler, T.L., Djukovic, D., Hoffman, N.G., Raftery, D., Marrazzo, J.M., Fredricks, D.N., Metabolic Signatures of Bacterial Vaginosis. mBio, 6:300204-15, 2015. PMCID: PMC4453549

11. Nagana Gowda, G.A., Gowda, Y.N., Raftery, D: Massive Glutamine Cyclization to Pyroglutamic Acid in Human Serum Discovered Using NMR Spectroscopy. Anal. Chem, 87:3800-3805, 2015. PCMID: PMC4479397.

12. Sood, R.F., Gu, H., Djukovic, D., Deng, L., Ga, M., Muffley, L.A., Raftery, D., Hocking, A.M.: Targeted Metabolic Profiling Demonstrates an Impaired Metabolic Response to Injury in Wounds of the db/db Mouse Model of Type 2 Diabetes. Wound Repair Regen. 23:423-434, 2015.

13. Chen, C., Deng, L., Wei, S., Nagana Gowda, G.A., Gu, H., Chiorean, E.G., Abu Zaid, M., Harrison, M., Pekny, J., Loehrer, P., Zhang, D., Zhang, M., Raftery, D.: Exploring Metabolic Profile Differences between Colorectal Polyp Patients and Controls Using Seemingly Unrelated Regression. J. Prot. Res., 14:2492-2499, 2015.

14. Barton, S., Navarro, S.L., Buas, M.F., Schwarz, Y., Gu, H., Djukovic, D., Raftery, D., Kratz, M., Neuhouser, M.L., Lampe, J.W.: Targeted Plasma Metabolome Response to Variations in Dietary Glycemic Load in a Randomized, Controlled, Crossover Feeding Trial in Healthy Adults. Food and Function, in press.

15. Zhu, J., Djukovic, D., Deng, L., Gu, H., Himmati, F., Chiorean, E.G., Zaid, M.A., Raftery, D.: Targeted Serum Metabolite Profiling for Colorectal Cancer Progression Monitoring. Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 407:7857-7863, 2015.

16. Nagana Gowda, G.A., Raftery, D.: Can NMR Solve Some Significant Challenges in Metabolomics? J. Magn. Reson. 260:144-160, 2015.

17. Zheng, W., Tayyari, F., Nagana Gowda, G.A., Raftery, D., McLamore , E.S., Shi, J., Porterfield, D.M., Bequette, B., Donkin, S., Teegarden, D.: Altered Glucose Metabolism in Harvey-ras Transformed MCF10A Cells. Mol Carcinogenesis. 54:111-120, 2015. PMCID: PMC4467525


1. Dai, D.F., Karunadharma, P.P., Chiao, Y.A., Basisty, N., Crispin D., Hsieh, E.J., Chen, T., Gu, H., Djukovic, D., Raftery, D., Beyer, R.P., MacCoss, M.J., Rabinovitch, P.S.: Altered Proteome Turnover and Remodeling by Subacute Caloric Restriction and Rapamycin Rejuvenate the Aging Heart, Aging Cell, 13:529-539, 2014. PMCID: PMC4040127

2. Bowers, J., Hughes, E., Skill, M., Maluccio, M., Raftery, D.: Detection of Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Hepatitis C Patients: Biomarker Discovery by LC-MS, J. Chromatogr. B 966:154-162, 2014. NIHMS578902, in process.

3. Nagana Gowda, G.A., Raftery, D.: Quantitative Metabolites in Protein Precipitated Serum Using NMR Spectroscopy. Anal. Chem. 86:5433-5440, 2014 PMCID: PMC4045235

4. Zhu, J., Djukovic, D., Deng, L., Gu, H., Himmati, F., Chiorean, E.G., Raftery, D.: Colorectal Cancer Detection using Targeted Serum Metabolic Profiling. J. Proteome Res. 13:4120-4130, 2014.

5. Owusu-Sarfo, K., Asiago, V.M., Deng, L., Gu, H., Wei, S., Shanaiah, N., Nagana Gowda, G.A., Xi, B., Chiorean, E.G., Raftery, D.: NMR-Based Metabolite Profiling of Pancreatic Cancer, Current Metabolomics, 2:204-212, 2014.

6. Raftery, D., ed., Mass Spectrometry in Metabolomics: Methods and Protocols, Methods in Molecular Biology, Vol. 1198. Humana Press/Springer Science. (2014). ISBN 978-1-4939-1257-5.

7. Zhang, S. Raftery, D.: Headspace SPME-GC-MS Metabolomics Analysis of Urinary Organic Compounds (VOCs). In Raftery, D. (eds.): Methods in Molecular Biology. 2014; 1198: 265-72. ISBN 978-1-4939-1257-5.


1. Gu, H., Nagana Gowda, G.A., Carnevale Neto, F., Opp, M.R., Raftery, D.: RAMSY: Ratio Analysis of Mass Spectrometry to Improve Compound Identification, Anal. Chem. 2013, 19;85(22):10771-9.

2. Baniasadi, H., Nagana Gowda, G.A., Gu, H., Zeng, A., Zhuang, S., Skill, N., Maluccio, M., Raftery, D.: Targeted Metabolic Profiling of Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Hepatitis C using LC-MS/MSElectrophoresis 34:2910-7, 2013.

3. Nagana Gowda, G.A., Raftery, D.: Biomarker Discovery and Translation in Metabolomics, Current Metabolomics. 2013, 1 (3), 227-240.

4. Appiah-Amponsah, E., Owusu-Sarfo, K., Nagana Gowda, G.A., Ye, T., Raftery, D.: Combining Hydrophilic Interaction Chromatography (HILIC) and Isotope Tagging for Off-Line LC-NMR Applications in Metabolite Analysis. Metabolites 3:575-591, 2013.

5. Tayyari, F., Nagana Gowda, G.A., Gu, H., Raftery, D.: 15N-Cholamine – A Smart Isotope Tag for Combining NMR- and MS-Based Metabolite Profiling. Anal. Chem 85:8715-8721, 2013.

6. Danijel Djukovic, G. A. Nagana Gowda and Daniel Raftery, Mass Spectrometry and NMR Spectroscopy-Based Quantitative Metabolomics. Chapter 18 in Proteomic and Metabolomic Approaches to Biomarker Discovery, Elsevier, 2013

7. Emmanuel Appiah-Amponsah, Kwadwo Owusu-Sarfo, G. A. Nagana Gowda,  Tao Ye, Daniel Raftery. Combining Hydrophilic Interaction Chromatography (HILIC) and Isotope Tagging for Off-Line LC-NMR Applications in Metabolite AnalysisMetabolites  3, 575-591 (2013)

8. Wei Zheng, Fariba Tayyari, G. A. Nagana Gowda, Daniel Raftery, Eric S. McLamore , Jin Shi, D. Marshall Porterfield, Shawn Donkin, Brian Bequette, Dorothy Teegarden. 1, 25 Dihydroxyvitamin D Regulation of Glucose Metabolism in Harvey-ras Transformed MCF10A Human Breast Epithelial Cells. Journal of Steroid Biology and Molecular Biology, 138:81-89 (2013)

9. Rapid separation and quantitation of curcuminoids combining pseudo two dimensional liquid flash chromatography and NMR spectroscopy G. K. Jayaprakasha, G.A. Nagana Gowda, Sixto Marquez and Bhimanagouda S. Patil, Journal of Chromatography B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2013 Oct 15;937:25-32.

10. Seo, J.B., G. A. Nagana Gowda, and D.S. Koh.  Apoptotic damage of pancreatic ductal epithelia by alcohol and its rescue by an antioxidant. PLoS One. 2013 8(11):e81893.

11. Highly Efficient Methane Biocatalysis Revealed in a Methanotrophic Bacterium M. G. Kalyuzhnaya, S. Yang, O.N. Rozova, N.E.Smalley, J. Clubb, A. Lamb, G. A. Nagana Gowda, D. Raftery, F. Bringel, S. Vuilleumier, Y.A. Trotsenko, D. Beck, V.N. Khmelenina, M.E. Lidstrom, Nature Communications,4:2785, 1-7 (2013)


1. Zhang, S., Liu, L., Steffen, D., Ye T., Raftery, D.: Metabolic Profiling of Gender: SPME/GC-MS and 1H NMR Analysis of Urine. Metabolomics 8:323-334, 2012.

2. Liu, L., Mo, H., Wei, S., Raftery, D.: Quantitative Analysis of Urea in Human Urine and Serum by 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. Analyst 137:595-600, 2012.

3. Zhang, J., Bowers, J., Liu, L., Wei, S., Nagana Gowda, G.A., Hammoud, Z., Raftery, D.: Esophageal Cancer Metabolite Biomarkers Detected by LC-MS and NMR Methods. PlosOne. 7:e30181, 2012. PMCID: PMC3264576

4. Ye, T., Zheng, C., Zhang, S., Nagana Gowda, G.A., Vitek, O., Raftery, D.: “Add to Subtract”: A Simple Method to Remove Complex Background Signals from the 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectra of Mixtures, Analytical Chemistry 84:994-1002, 2012. PMCID: PMC3282557

5. Thornton, J.M., Raftery, D.: Efficient Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production by Platinum-Loaded Carbon-Doped Cadmium Indate Nanoparticles. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4:2426-2431, 2012.

6. Blount, J.W., Ferruzzi, M., Raftery D., Pasinetti, G.M., Dixon, R.A.: Enzymatic Synthesis of Substituted Epicatechins for Bioactivity Studies in Neurological Disorders. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm. 417:457-461, 2012.

7. Wang, J., Ferruzzi, M.G., Ho, L., Blount, J., Janle, E.M., Gong, B., Pan, Y., Nagana Gowda, G.A., Raftery, D., Arrieta-Cruz, I., Sharma, V., Cooper, B., Lobo, J., Simon, J., Zhang, C., Cheng, A., Qian, X., Ono, K., Teplow, D., Pavlides, C., Dixon, R., and Pasinetti G.: Brain-Targeted Proanthocyanidin Metabolites for Alzheimer’s Disease Treatment. J. Neuroscience 32:5144-5150, 2012.  PMCID: PMC3348654

8. Wei, S., Suryani, Y., Nagana Gowda, G.A., Skill, N., Maluccio, M., Raftery, D.: Differentiating Hepatocellular Carcinoma from Hepatitis C Using Metabolite Profiling. Metabolites 2:701-716, 2012.

9. Wei, S., Liu, L., Zhang, J., Bowers, J., Nagana Gowda, G.A., Seeger, H., Fehm, T., Neubauer, H.J., Vogel, U., Clare, S.E., Raftery, D.: Metabolomics Approach for Predicting Response to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer. Mol. Oncol.  Epub Oct. 25, 2012 PMID 23142658.

10. Zhang, J., Wei, S., Liu, L., Gowda, G.A.N., Bonney, P., Stewart, J., Knapp, D.W., Raftery, D.: NMR-based metabolomics study of canine bladder cancer. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1822: 1807-14, 2012.

11. Gowda, G.A.N., Shanaiah, N., Raftery D.: Isotope enhanced approaches in metabolomics. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 992:147-64, 2012. PMID: 23076583.

12. Gu, H., Gowda, G.A.N., Raftery, D.: Metabolic Profiling: are we en route to better diagnostic tests for cancer? Future Oncol. 1207-10, 2012. PMID: 23130920


1. Gu, H., Pan, Z., Xi, B., Asiago, V.M., Musselman, B., Raftery, D.: Principal Component Directed Partial Least Squares Analysis for Combining NMR and MS Data in Metabolomics: Application to the Detection of Breast Cancer. Anal. Chim. Acta, 686:57-63, 2011. PMCID: PMC3040422

2. Zhang, J., Liu, L., Wei, S., Nagana Gowda, G.A., Hammoud, Z., Kessler, K.A., Raftery, D.: Metabolomics Study of Esophageal Adenocarcinoma. J. Thoracic Cardiovas. Surg. 141:469-75, 2011.

3. Sun, Y., Thornton, J.M., Morris, N.A., Rajpura, R., Henkes, S., Raftery, D.: Photoelectrochemical Evaluation of Undoped and C-doped CdIn2O4 Thin Film Electrodes. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 36:2785-2793, 2011.

4. Sandusky, P., Appiah-Amponsah, E., Raftery, D.: Use of Optimized 1D TOCSY NMR for Improved Quantitation and Metabolomic Analysis of BiofluidsJ. Biomol. NMR 49:281-90, 2011.

5. Zheng, C., Zheng, S., Ragg, S., Raftery, D., Vitek, O.: Identification and Quantification of Metabolites in 1H NMR Spectra by Bayesian Model Selection. Bioinformatics 27:1637-44, 2011. PMCID: PMC3106181

6. Mo, H., Harwood, J.S., Raftery, D.: NMR Quantitation: Influence of RF Inhomogeneity. Magn. Reson. Chem49:655-658, 2011.

7. Wei, S., Zhang, J., Liu, L., Ye, T., Nagana Gowda, G.A., Tayyari, F., Raftery, D.: Ratio Analysis NMR Spectroscopy (RANSY) for Selective Metabolite Identification in Complex Samples. Anal. Chem. 83:7616-7623, 2011. PMCID: PMC3193582


1. Kc, R., Henry, I.D., Park, G.H.J., Raftery, D.: New Solenoidal Microcoil NMR Probe Using Zero-Susceptibility Wire. Concepts Magn. Reson.B 37B:13-19, 2010. PMCID: PMC2826978

2. Mo, H., Harwood, J., Raftery, D.: Receiver Gain Function: The Actual NMR Receiver Gain. Magn. Reson. Chem. 48:235-238, 2010. PMCID: PMC3071559

3. Kc, R., Gowda, Y.N., Djukovic, D., Henry, I.D., Park, G.H.J., Raftery, D.: Susceptibility-matched Plugs for Microcoil NMR Probes. J. Magn. Reson. 205:63‑68, 2010.  PMCID: PMC2891982

4. Ye, T., Zhang, S., Mo, H., Tayyari, F., Gowda, G.A.N., Raftery, D.: 13C-Formylation for Improved Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Profiling of Amino Metabolites in Biofluids. Anal. Chem. 82:2303-2309, 2010. PMCID: PMC2837761

5. Zhang, S., Gowda, G.A.N., Ye, T., Raftery, D.: Advances in NMR-Based Biofluid Analysis and Metabolite Profiling. Analyst 135:1490-1498, 2010.

6. Lanza, I.R., Zhang, S., Ward, L.E., Karakelides, H., Raftery, D., Nair, S.: Quantitative Metabolomics by 1H-NMR and LC-MS/MS Confirms Altered Metabolic Pathways in Diabetes. PLoS ONE 5:1-10, 2010. PMCID: PMC2866659

7. Djukovic, D., Baniasadi, H.R., Kc, R., Hammoud, Z., Raftery, D.: Targeted Serum Metabolite Profiling of Nucleosides in Esophageal Adenocarcinoma. Rapid Comm. Mass Spectrom. 24:3057-62, 2010.

8. Nagana Gowda, G.A., Tayyari, F., Ye, T., Suryani, Y., Wei, S., Shanaiah, N., Raftery, D.: Quantitative Analysis of Blood Plasma Metabolites Using Isotope Enhanced NMR Methods. Anal. Chem. 82:8983-90, 2010. PMCID: PMC3065653

9. Asiago, V.M., Alvarado, L.Z., Shanaiah, N., Nagana Gowda, G.A., Owusu-Sarfo, K., Ballas, R., Raftery, D.: Early Detection of Recurrent Breast Cancer Using Metabolite Profiling. Cancer Res. 70:8309-18, 2010. PMCID: PMC2995269

10. Mo, H., Harwood, J.S., Raftery, D.: A Quick Diagnostic Test for NMR Receiver Gain Compression. Magn Reson Chem. 48:782-6, 2010. PMCID: PMC2943987


1. Reyes-Gil, K.R., Sun, Y., Reyes-García, E.A., Raftery, D.: Characterization of Phototactive N-doped In2O3Visible Photocatalysts for Water Oxidation. J. Phys. Chem. C 113:12558-12570, 2009.

2. Nagana Gowda, G.A., Shanaiah, N., Cooper, A., Maluccio, M., Raftery, D.: Visualization of Bile Homeostasis using 1H NMR Spectroscopy as a Route for Assessing Liver Cancer. Lipids 44:27-35, 2009.

3. Reyes-Garcia, E.A., Sun, Y., Reyes-Gil, K.R., Raftery, D.: Solid-State NMR and EPR Analysis of Carbon-Doped Titanium Dioxide Photocatalysts, TiO2xCx Solid State NMR 35:74-81, 2009.

4. Gu, H., Pan, Z., Xi, B., Hainline, B.E., Shanaiah, N., Asiago, V., Nagana Gowda, G.A., Raftery, D.: 1H NMR Metabolomics Study of Age Profiling in Children. NMR Biomed. 22:826-833, 2009.

5. Kc, R., Henry, I.D., Park, G.H.J. Raftery, D.: Design and Construction of a Versatile Dual Volume Heteronuclear Double Resonance Microcoil NMR Probe. J. Magn. Reson. 197:186-192, 2009. PMCID: PMC2679250

6. Nagana Gowda, G.A., Shanaiah, N., Cooper, A., Maluccio, M., Raftery, D.: Bile Acids Conjugation in Human Bile is not Random:  New Insights from 1H NMR Spectroscopy at 800 MHz. Lipids 44:527-535, 2009.

7. Ye, T., Mo, H., Shanaiah, N., Gowda, G.A.N., Zhang, S., Raftery, D.: Chemoselective 15N Tag for Sensitive and High-Resolution Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Profiling of the Carboxyl-Containing Metabolome. Anal. Chem. 81:4882-4888, 2009. PMCID: PMC2861042

8. Zhang, S., Zheng, C., Lanza, I.R., Streekumaran Nair, K., Raftery, D., Vitek, O.: Interdependence of Signal Processing and Analysis of Urine 1H NMR Spectra for Metabolic Profiling. Anal. Chem. 81:6080-6088, 2009. PMCID: PMC2789356

9. Zyromski, N.J., Mathur, A., Nagana Gowda, G.A., Murthy, C., Swarz-Basile, D.A., Wade, T.E., Pitt, H.A., Raftery, D.: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy-Based Metabolomics of the Fatty Pancreas: Implicating Fat in Pancreatic Pathology. Pancreatology 9:410-419, 2009. PMCID: PMC2790782

10. Sun, Y., Murphy, C.J., Reyes-Gil, K.R., Reyes-Garcia, E.A., Thornton, J., Morris, N.A., Raftery, D.: Photoelectrochemical and Structural Characterization of Carbon-doped WO3 Films Prepared Via Spray Pyrolysis. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 34:8476-8484, 2009.

11. Appiah-Amponsah, E., Shanaiah, N., Nagana Gowda, G.A., Owusu-Sarfo, K., Ye, T., Raftery, D.: Identification of 4-Deoxythreonic Acid Present in Human Urine using HPLC and NMR Techniques. J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal.50:878-885, 2009. PMCID: PMC2861046

12. DeSilva, A.M., Shanaiah, N., Gowda, G.A.N., Rosa-Pérez, K., Hanson, B.A., Raftery, D.: Application of 31P NMR Spectroscopy and Chemical Derivatization Formetabolite Profiling of Lipophilic Compounds in Human Serum. Magn. Reson. Chem. 47:S74-S80, 2009. PMCID: PMC2861047

13. Mo, H., Harwood, J., Zhang, S., Xue, Y., Santini, R.E., Raftery, D.: A Quantitative Measure of NMR Signal Receiving Efficiency. J. Magn. Reson. 200:239-244, 2009. PMCID: PMC2745519


1. Djukovic, D., Appiah-Amponsah, E., Shanaiah, N., Gowda, G.A.N., Henry, I., Everly, M., Tobias, B., Raftery, D. Ibuprofen Metabolite Profiling Using a Combination of SPE/Column-Trapping and HPLC-Micro-Coil NMR. J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 47:328-334, 2008.

2. Henry, I., Park, G.H.J., KC, R., Raftery, D.: Design and Construction of a Microcoil NMR Probe for the Routine Analysis of 20 µL Samples. Concepts Magn. Reson. 33B:1-8, 2008.

3. Mo, H., Raftery, D.: Pre-SAT180, a Simple and Effective Method for Residual Water Suppression. J. Magn. Reson. 190:1-6, 2008.  PMCID: PMC2662483

4. Bergeron, S.J., Henry, I.D., Santini, R.E., Agdhasi, A., Raftery, D.: Saturation Transfer Double-Difference NMR Spectroscopy Using a Dual Solenoid Microcoil Difference Probe. Magn. Reson. Chem. 46:925-929, 2008.

5. Zhang, S. Gowda, G.A.N., Asiago, V., Shanaiah, N., Barbas, C., Raftery, D.: Correlative and quantitative 1H NMR-based metabolomics reveals specific metabolic pathway disturbances in diabetic rats. Anal. Biochem. 383:76-84, 2008.

6. Mo, H., Raftery, D.: Improved Residual Water Suppression: WET180. J. Biomol. NMR 41:105-111, 2008.

7. Gowda, G.A.N., Zhang, S., Gu, H., Asiago, V., Shanaiah, N., Raftery, D.: Metabolomics-Based Methods for Early Disease Diagnostics: A Review. Expert Rev. Mol. Diagnost. 8:617-633, 2008.

8. Sun, Y., Murphy, C.J., Reyes-Gil, K.R., Reyes-Garcia, E.A., Lilly, J.P., Raftery, D.: Carbon-Doped In2O3 Films for Photoelectrochemical Hydrogen Production, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 33:5967-5974, 2008.

9. Mo, H., Raftery, D.: Solvent Signal as an NMR Concentration Reference. Anal. Chem. 80:9835-9839, 2008. PMCID: PMC2735574

10. Asiago, V.M., Gowda, G.A.N., Zhang, S., Shanaiah, N., Clark, J., Raftery, D.: Use of EDTA to Minimize Ionic Strength Dependent Frequency Shifts in the 1H NMR Spectra of Urine. Metabolomics 4:328-336, 2008.


1. Pan, Z., Gu, H., Talaty, N., Chen, H., Hainline, B.E., Cooks, R.G., Raftery, D.: Principal Component Analysis of Urine Metabolites Detected by NMR and DESI-MS in Patients with Inborn Errors of Metabolism. Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 387:539-549, 2007.

2. Pan, Z., Raftery, D: Comparing and Combining NMR Spectroscopy and Mass Spectrometry in Metabolomics. Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 387:525-527, 2007.

3. Gu, H., Chen, H., Pan, Z., Jackson, A.U., Talaty, N., Xi, B., Kissinger, C., Duda, C., Mann, D., Raftery, D., Cooks, R.G.: Monitoring Diet Effects from Biofluids and Their Implications for Metabolomics Studies. Anal. Chem. 79:89-97, 2007.

4. Gu, H., Pan, Z., Duda, C., Mann, D., Kissinger, C., Rohde, C., Raftery, D.: 1H NMR Study of the Effects of Sample Contamination in the Metabolomics Analysis of Mouse Urine. J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal., 45:134-140, 2007.

5. Reyes-Garcia, E.A., Sun, Y., Reyes-Gil, K., Raftery, D.: 15N Solid State NMR and EPR Characterization of N-doped TiOPhotocatalysts. J. Phys. Chem. C 111:2738-2748, 2007.

6. Shanaiah, N., Desilva, A., Gowda, G.A.N., Raftery, M.A., Hainline, B.E., Raftery, D.: Class Selection of Amino Acid Metabolites in Body Fluids Using Chemical Derivatization and Their 13C NMR Detection. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 104:11540-11544, 2007.  PMCID: PMC1913896

7. Reyes-Garcia, E.A., Sun, Y., Raftery, D.: Solid State Characterization of the Nuclear and Electronic Environment of Boron and Fluoride Co-Doped TiO2 Visible-Light Photocatalysts. J. Phys. Chem. C 111:17146-17154, 2007.

8. Reyes-Gil, K.R., Reyes-Garcia, E.A., Raftery, D.: Nitrogen-Doped In2O3 Thin Film Electrodes for Photocatalytic Water SplittingJ. Phys. Chem. C 111:14579-14588, 2007.