Expanding the Limits of Human Blood Metabolite Quantitation using NMR Spectroscopy

A current challenge in metabolomics is the reliable quantitation of many metabolites. Limited resolution and sensitivity combined with the challenges associated with unknown metabolite identification have restricted both the number and the quantitative accuracy of blood metabolites

Focused on alleviating this bottleneck in NMR-based metabolomics, investigations of pooled human serum combining an array of 1D/2D NMR experiments at 800 MHz, database searches, and spiking with authentic compounds enabled the identification of 67 blood metabolites.

Human Blood Metabolite Quantitation using NMR Spectroscopy 1.jpeg

Considering both the high reproducibility and quantitative nature of NMR as well as the sensitivity of NMR chemical shifts to altered sample conditions, experimental protocols and comprehensive peak annotations are provided here as a guide for identification and quantitation of the new pool of blood metabolites for routine applications.

These results, combined with the newly established identity for many unknown metabolites in the NMR spectrum, offer new avenues for human serum/plasma-based metabolomics. The ability to quantitatively evaluate nearly 70 blood metabolites that represent numerous classes, including amino acids, organic acids, carbohydrates, and heterocyclic compounds, using a simple and highly reproducible analytical method such as NMR may potentially guide the evaluation of samples for analysis using mass spectrometry.

Citation & Full Text

Nagana Gowda, G.A., Gowda, Y.N., Raftery, D.: Expanding the Limits of Human Blood Metabolite Quantitation using NMR Spectroscopy. Anal. Chem. 87:706-715, 2015. PMCID: PMC4287831